Truck driver Brooks Bohrer parked his rig beside a glimmering stainless steel pipe jutting out of a hillside near Cherry Lake.
He was there on a clear Monday morning to fill up on one of Tuolumne County's lesser-known natural resources - pure mountain spring water.
He hooked the pipe apparatus to his truck and turned a spigot as thousands of gallons of cool, crisp water rushed into his a nondescript cylindrical truck trailer.
"It's real fresh water up here, not like what you get from the tap," he said before trucking the water off to a plant in Livermore for bottling.
It may come as a surprise to some foothill area residents that the
water they buy at the supermarket or that fills their office coolers
could have its origins in their own backyard.
The Sugar Pine Spring Water company, which contracts with large
bottlers like Arrowhead and Calistoga, draws water from the same vast
aquifer that eventually snakes its way into the Tuolumne River
The company is owned and operated by Idaho resident Scott Fahey, a
Columbia College graduate who is originally from Oakdale and owns land
in Tuolumne County.
It was on land owned by his family that he established his first
working spring, Sugar Pine, in the early 1990s. He has since expanded
his operation to include Deadwood Spring and two others named "Marco"
and "Polo," which are situated on federally owned land and flow with
water administered by the State Water Resources Control Board.
He worked in Hawaii and overseas in the construction business when
he noticed the bottled water craze starting to take shape in the 1990s.
It took him six years to get the first permits to open up the modest
Sugar Pine Spring.
Since then, Fahey has become an expert at extracting a commodity that has become increasingly valuable in recent years.
"I'm harvesting and selling a food product - water," he said.
The water comes out of the ground nearly bacteria free, and the
piping system that fills two 35,000-gallon storage tanks requires no
pumps because it works on gravity alone.
His biggest customer is Arrowhead spring water, which is owned by Nestle, the world's largest food and nutrition company.
His water is also used in brands such as Sierra Spring water and
the Detroit-based bottler Absopure. Many airports carry small sized
bottles, while large Northern California company coolers are often
stocked with Tuolumne County water.
The water extraction point near Cherry Lake is fed by the quartet
of springs, which are linked by more than five miles of underground
pipes that snake through lands owned by Fahey, Sierra Pacific
Industries, the state of California and the U.S. government.
This mix of public and private stewardship of water has led to
miles of red tape and a fair number of headaches over the past nine
years, Fahey said.
Fahey, 56, is reluctant to talk about various aspects of his
business, saying he feels he has been the target of unfair regulations
and roadblocks from environmental groups.
He said his business receives scrutiny because water has been such
a hot issue in California, and he has had to jump through environmental
hoops that have cost his company $200,000 over the past decade.
"I'm not worried about competition because the federal and state
government have set up so many barriers to entering this business," he
The U.S. Forest Service levies a special use fee for running
pipelines across public lands as well as fees to run water trucks on
forest roads, according to Stanislaus National Forest Supervisor Beth
Martinez. About two trucks a day, hauling 6,600 gallons of water each,
fill up at the station.
The State Water Board requires at least 10 gallons per minute to
flow into the Tuolumne River watershed from the springs. Anything else
can be soaked up by the water trucks.
"In a low water year, there has to be a minimum amount of water
flowing, so if 10 gallons isn't there, they can't remove any of it,"
Anne Denton, of the Mi-Wok Ranger District, said that, like
logging, mining and cattle grazing, extracting water is one of many
ways that public resources are used in private enterprise. She also
said there are no threatened or endangered species in the area.
"From a conservation standpoint, spring water is the most
environmentally conservative in terms of usage," Fahey said. "It wastes
the least amount."
He was quick to distinguish his product from purified water, which,
unlike spring water, generally comes from the municipal water supplies
in large cities. Most California spring water is harnessed from sources
in the Sierra Nevada, and very little is wasted because it doesn't
require extensive filtering to be safe to drink, Fahey said.
"You test it to make sure it meets all the standards for bottled
water, which are significantly higher than water from the tap," he said.
The filling station is also part of the Tuolumne Utilities District
emergency response plan, which seeks to find other sources of water in
the event that TUD facilities need to be shut down.
Firefighters also use the station to fill water tenders while fighting back country blazes.
Contact Ryan Campbell at firstname.lastname@example.org or 588-4526.